Marie-Jean-Antoine-Nicolas Caritat, Marquis de Condorcet


1743 - 1794

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The Marquis de Condorcet (1743-1794) was a mathematician, a philosophe, permanent secretary of the French Academy of Sciences (from 1776), and a politician during the French Revolution. Condorcet was a member of the abolitionist group “The Friends of the Blacks” and was an advocate of the right to vote for women. He was active in a number of committees which drew up legislation during the Revolution (especially on public education and constitutional reform) but became a victim of Jacobin repression when the liberal Girondin group was expelled from the Convention. He died in prison under mysterious circumstances in March 1794 during the Terror.